A dental extraction is a dental treatment where the dentist removes a tooth from its socket. It is performed to remove a damaged, decayed, or infected tooth. Sometimes, an extraction is also performed to remove impacted teeth or wisdom teeth that have not erupted through the gums.
Types of Dental Extractions
Simple Extraction: This type of extraction is performed on healthy or non-crowded teeth to remove them from the socket. It is done under local anesthesia, and the tooth is gripped with forceps and pulled out from its socket.
Surgical Extraction: This type of extraction is performed when the tooth is impacted or surrounded by other teeth or when it is next to the sinus cavity, jawbone, or other structures present in the mouth. It is performed under general anesthesia as it requires more precision and care. The dentist will make an incision on the gums to expose the impacted tooth, extract it with forceps, and stitch up the wound.
How Are Extractions Performed?
Extractions are performed under the supervision of a dentist who will evaluate your oral condition to determine whether you need an extraction or not. A thorough exam of your mouth will be conducted to see if there are any infected or decayed teeth that need immediate attention.
If you have any cavities or gum disease, a suitable filling material will be used to restore them rather than extract them. An X-ray may also be taken to check for any complications in your mouth. Once everything is confirmed, an anesthesia solution will be given to numb your oral tissues so that you do not feel pain during the procedure. Your dentist will extract the tooth and suture up your gums to control bleeding and promote healing.
Aftercare for Dental Extractions
After you have undergone an extraction, follow these simple steps to promote faster healing:
- Keep your head elevated while resting after the operation so that your blood pressure does not drop.
- Use a cold compress on your cheek soon after the surgery to reduce swelling and pain.
- Maintain optimal oral hygiene by brushing and flossing your teeth after every meal.
- Do not bite into anything hard for several days after surgery as it can dislodge stitches and cause bleeding.
- Avoid smoking as it can cause complications during healing.
- Use appropriate pain medication prescribed by your dentist as needed.
- Follow instructions of your dentist regarding further dental treatments such as dental implants or dentures.
To learn more, visit us at Helena, MT, or call us at (406) 443-6160 to schedule an appointment with the dentist and we will be happy to help.